(pentacle, pentangle, pentalpha)
In alchemical texts, the four elements (in Latin):
superseded by Light, or Divine Energy
illustrated the process of creation
Fiat Lux, or, “Let there be Light.”
In Wiccan/Pagan lore, the pentagram symbolizes the five elements-
The Wiccan emblematic pentagram faces point upward to symbolize the triumph of Spirit over Matter; the Satanic pentagram is transposed, point downwards, to symbolize Earthly Gratification, or the triumph of the Individual over Dissolution.
Some Wiccan grades also utilize a reversed pentacle, although for different purposes.